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While Sewell's theory was widely accepted by many, his critic and the contributor of "A History of Vijayanagar: The Never To Be Forgotten Empire", B. Suryanarain Row New Window not just denied Robert Sewell's theory but also presented his readers with his own and more authentic theory for the origin of Vijayanagara Empire. Mr. Row was not just a personal friend of Raja Sriranga Deva Raya of Anagondi but also had access to vast knowledgebase of the information with the Raya and the priests of Sringeri Math of whom sage Vidyaranya was a pontiff. He believes:

[First] "Vijayadhwaja, son of Chalukya Maharaja, ruled Kishkindha (Anagondi) from Saka 1039 Vilambi (A.D. 1117) to Saka 1078 Dhatu (A.D. 1156). During this time, he built the new city of Vijayanagara on the southern bank of the Tungabhadra, and strengthened it by fortifications round the series of hills which encircle that city."

"He ruled for a period of 39 years and seems to have been a powerful monarch. The city grew in importance and wealth. As Anagondi was on the northern bank of the Tungabhadra and therefore contiguous to the powerful Mohammedan attack, the King wisely thought that the new suburb built on the southern bank of the river, with the river placed in between himself and his enemies would be much safer for himself and his descendants. Since that period, Anagondi ceased to be the capital of these Kings. The new city Vijayanagara must have been built by Vijayadhwaja about A.D. 1150. In 1156, Anuvema succeeded his father Vijayadhwaja till A.D. 1179. His son Narasimha Deva Raya ruled from A.D. 1179 to A.D. 1246. He was succeeded by his son Rama Deva Raya for next 25 years till 1271. He was succeeded by his son Pratapa Raya, who ruled for 26 years from A.D. 1271 to A.D 1297. He was followed by his son Jambukeswara Raya who ruled his country for another 37 years up to A.D 1334. He was the last prince of his line and died without issues. "

"Naturally, the kingdom passed through a terrible state of anarchy, internal quarrels convulsed the society of Vijayanagara from one end to the other and bands of unprincipled men led people into all sorts of excesses. Fortunately, a change came over it, worked as it were by a miracle, by a poor Brahmin hermit, a change by which the old dynasty was inseated for over a century replaced by a new dynasty, which made the empire great and powerful, and whose destinies were guided during this long period by a Brahmin genius of extraordinary merit. This Brahmin was Madhava Bhatta, well known to posterity as the great "Vidyaranya" - Sayana Madhava."

Mr. Row also mentions the inscription found in one of the temples at Hampi left by the sage Vidyaranya "Nagashwarkay, Namitasakay, Salivahasayayata, Dhaturyabday, guruyutay Soumya Varay Sulagnay Saptamyam Sri Vijayanagaray Nirmamay Nerinamandra."

Which he interprets as: "On Wednesday, the 7th lunar day of the bright half of Visakha, in the year Dhatu, Salivahana Saka 1258, in an auspicious time with Guru (Jupiter) in the rising sign (Lagna) I, the price of ascetics, have constructed this city in Vijayanagara"

Establishment   Second Theory
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