| Monuments of Hampi
- World Heritage Site
On 15-October-1982, International
Council On Monuments And Sites (ICOMOS) submitted to the World
Heritage Committee, the report on its evaluation of Group
Monuments of Hampi .
In its recommendation, ICOMOS proposed "the cultural
property be inscribed on the World Heritage List, on the condition
that there be an extension of the area of protection to the
whole of the archaeological site".
ICOMOS, in its justification,
further stated that Hampi "was one of the most beautiful
cities of the medieval world. Its palaces and Dravidian temples
were much admired by travellers, be they Arabs, Portuguese
or Italian". ICOMOS also justifies its recommendation
with "the temples of Ramachandra (1513) and Hazara
Rama (1520), with their sophisticated structure were each
supporting element is scanned by bundles of pilasters or colonnettes
which project from the richly sculpted walls." It
also includes in its justification, "a small monument
of a chariot which two elephants, sculpted in the round, struggle
to drag along is one of the unusual creations".
- The inscription of Hampi
on the World Heritage List is based on the criteria:
I - Hampi represents a unique artistic creation
- III - The city bears
exceptional testimony to the vanished civilisation of the
Kingdom of Vijayanagar, which reached its apogee under the
reign of Krishna Deva Raya (1509 - 1530)
- IV - This capital offers
an outstanding example of a type of structure, which illustrates
a significant historical situation: that of the Kingdoms
of South India, which menaced by the Muslims, were occasionally
allied with the Portuguese of Goa.
ICOMOS, in its recommendation,
also asked the World Heritage Committee to defer the inscription
of Hampi on the World Heritage List on the grounds "Of
the 500 monuments listed at Hampi, less than 50 are designated
as being protected". It also stated "a new village
has been constructed near the temple of Pattabhi Rama in order
to house the employees of a hydro-electric plant"
referring to the present day Hospet Tungabhadra Dam.
Hampi was finally inscribed
on the World Heritage List for criteria I, III and IV on 5-December-1986.
As of year 2004, there are 26 Indian sites on the World Heritage
List. To view the complete list of World Heritage Sites, please